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Understanding Women’s Health and Gynecology

Gynecology deals with women’s health specifically involving the anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system which includes the vagina, uterus ovaries and the breasts, along with its diagnosis, treatment and management. Gynecology and obstetrics overlap, wherein obstetricians deals with the care and management of maternal health involving childbirth. Gynecology comprises both medical and surgical fields, wherein gynecological illnesses require hormonal and pharmacological management, as well as surgical intervention.

Some of the conditions that gynecologist deal with are infections and cancer of the ovaries, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina and vulva, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, urine incontinence, infertility, menorrhagia, pelvic organ prolapse, and uterus and other vaginal diseases. There are different diagnostic and therapeutic procedures involving gynaecology, which include hysterectomy, removal of ovary and uterus, uterine cone biopsies, colposcopy, hysteroscopy, ultrasound of reproductive organs, Pap smears, laparoscopy, diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted diesases, urinary incontinence, and menstrual problems.

Pap smear is a screening procedure regularly performed by gynecologists to identify cervical precancerous or cancerous cells in the uterine opening. Pap test does not hurt, but it might be uncomfortable. Pap test is highly recommended for all women who are sexually active and those over age 18 regardless if they are sexually active or not. Gynecologist advise women to undergo Pap smear at least one every year, though risk factors, age and past Pap smear results may vary the frequency.
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Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that removes the uterus and cervix, which is one of the main options for treating cancer of the ovaries, cervix, uterus or endometrium. The two types of hysterectomy are partial and complete hysterectomy. A laparoscopic hysterectomy usually require two to three days hospital stay, with a recovery period of one to two weeks, whereas an abdominal hysterectomy may take a longer time because the recovery is usually four to six weeks.
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Dysmenorrhea refers to painful cramps that occur right before or during menstruation. It is one of the most common cause why women seek for medical consultation. The two types of dysmenorrhea are primary and secondary dysmenorrhea, wherein primary dysmenorrhea usually lasts one to three days from the onset of menstruation, whereas secondary dysmenorrhea is a pain caused by disorders of a woman’s reproductive system.

A woman’s reproductive system is vast and complex, and only an expert gynecologist can rule out diseases or disorders that cause a particular gynecological symptom. It is important to visit your gynecologist if you are experiencing problems with your reproductive system for you to receive the proper diagnosis, treatment and management. The primary aim of a gynecologist is to help women preserve reproductive system health, and find means to treat reproductive system diseases and disorders through medical and surgical intervention.

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